Minecraft is an independent game mixing construction and adventure, created by Markus Persson and developed since January 2012 by a small team within Mojang. It allows its players to manipulate a three-dimensional world, composed entirely of blocks to be destroyed, rested and transformed. Playable alone or in multiplayer, Minecraft allows you to explore endless caves, fight against various enemies, collect resources and above all build huge, sometimes artistic constructions.
The Java version of Minecraft is available to players for 23.95 € (35$ CAD). Single-player and multiplayer modes can be played on a downloaded application. The demo version is free, but limited. The development of Minecraft began around May 10, 2009 and the very first pre-orders were validated around June 13. A "final" version of Minecraft was released on November 18, 2011, marking the end of the Beta period. As of March 26, 2018, the PC version of the game exceeded 28 million sales.
On August 16, 2011, the portable version of Minecraft was released on the Xperia Play. Once Sony's exclusivity was over, the game was later released on Android on October 7 and on iOS on November 17 of the same year. It currently costs €6.99. As of January 10, 2015, the portable version alone had reached 30 million sales.
The Xbox edition is available since May 9, 2012 on the Xbox Live Arcade for 1600 Microsoft points (about twenty euros). This adaptation is developed by 4J Studios and not by Mojang. It has sold millions of copies, and all previous Xbox sales records have been broken. The PlayStation version, identical to the Xbox version, was released on December 17, 2013. On June 26, 2014, sales of the Console versions are so high that they exceed those of the PC version. The cumulative sales of all editions make Minecraft the second best-selling video game of all time after Tetris.
On September 15, 2014, some time after the release of the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One versions, Microsoft announced that it would buy Mojang and thus Minecraft's rights for $2.5 billion.
After beta development, the educational version was released on November 1, 2016 for $5 per user per year. The educational version contains features that make Minecraft more accessible and relevant in the classroom. The Windows Phone mobile version was released on December 10, 2014.
The Wii U version made its debut on the Nintendo eShop on December 17, 2015. The Nintendo Switch version was released worldwide on May 12 and 13, 2017.
On September 13, 2017, the New Nintendo 3DS version was released for New Nintendo 3DS, New Nintendo 3DS XL and New Nintendo 2DS XL.
At the end of September 2017, the original version of Minecraft changed its name to the Java version. The best overall update of the Bedrock version comes out on Android, iOS, Fire OS, Windows 10, Gear VR and Fire TV. The Xbox One version is dropped to merge with the Windows 10, Gear VR and Fire TV versions as well as the portable version under the simple title Minecraft.
In May 2019, Minecraft surpassed 176 million copies sold on all platforms, making it both the best-selling video game of all time and the ninth best-selling franchise of all time, with a community of 112 million active players per month in September 2019.